Many University freshmen who just newly got admission are oftentimes perplexed by the academic requirements of the university. Not properly guided as to how to fulfill their academic obligations, they have gone into huge copy and paste – an act that kill their future academic behaviour.
Hence, it has become exigent to help guide freshers and others in the best possible ways to write their assignments.
To write a very good assignment, several issues must be considered. A careful observations of these issues will give your assignment a qualitative outlook.
Please, note that copying text from the internet, pasting it in Microsoft Word, printing it like that and submitting it to your lecturer is a core academic crime as that is 100% plagiarism. Hence, I will attempt to guide you to avoid this plagiarism tendency.
1. Understand the Topic By Breaking it Into Smaller Units/Points
To write a good assignment, the first thing is to understand the topic. Do not bother to start writing if you never really understood the topic. Doing this will make you write off-point. And this could result in low marks.
Understanding the topic means you will divide the topic into its smaller units, breaking it to the easiest way to understand the topic. Take for instance, AGRICULTURE FOR NIGERIA’S SELF-SUSTAINANCE. Here, you will see that agriculture is one unit of understanding, Nigeria’s self-sustainance is another. How does agriculture help Nigeria to self sustain itself is another point. By extension, you can also argue that without agriculture, what will Nigeria look like? This is another very good point. So, understanding the topic first is very imperative. Once you have operated the topic like a surgeon like this, you can then move on to the next step.
2. Emphasize Your Subtopics Parameters
In pure academics, any work written without proper corresponding subtopics may be hard for readers to elicit readers’ intent and the direction the work is going. You are not just going to visit Google, browse, see anything and print. You are going to visit Google to search for a particular thing. If you are not guided by a particular need, there is possibility that, like a mad man who sees anything along the way and drag it to join his loads of belongings, you may likely pick anything relevant you see. And believe me, there are too many materials online. You will surely be distracted.
So, pick your subtopics. Introduction is 100% important unless the nature of the assignment does not require it. Then what is agriculture; what is self-sufficiency?; Nigeria’s self-sufficiency; impact of agriculture on Nigeria’s self-sufficiency; disadvantages of weak agricultural produce; advantages of improved agricultural produce, etc. You can find as much related subtopics as may be necessary or useful to you. Provided the lenght covers the limit required by the lecturer.
3. Literature Review
Now that you have understood your topic, you have also gotten the areas, dimensions and parameters to write on, you can now think of going online. So, you can see that the first thing towards doing a very good assignment is not really to hurry online and download materials. You will only end up printing other people’s materials. And this is useless to pure academic practice as it breeds plagiarism.
To review literature means that you have to search and read materials that are related to your topic. You will read like 10 different materials online and understand what your assignment is all about. Once you have mastered what you want to do, it is time to write your introduction. Note that the introduction MUST come from your brain, so if you have not read enough material, go back and keep on reading because you will end up plagiarizing by copying and pasting another author’s introduction and using it as your own.
Warning: Plagiarism standard work is hard work but it is within your power. Believe me, you can do a quality work.
I hope after your lecturer have taught you, then you write exam? Ok, now, after you must have read numerous materials online and offline, now, come and tell us what you have read. Introduce what you have read. Please, there shoul be no haste in the literature review. This is where you gain indepth knowledge of your work – the knowledge you will use even outside the school environment. So no haste at all.
The first paragraph of your introduction MUST NOT be used for definition. You can start with a general statement and drive it down at the end of the paragraph to why we are here. Check this out (remember our tenative topic: AGRICULTURE FOR NIGERIA’S SELF-SUSTAINANCE):
Over the years Nigeria have been largely dependent on oil revenue which in no small measure has impacted negatively on the agricultural practice of the country. With agriculture accounting for only –% (find the percentage of agricultural contribution to Nigeria’ revenue) of Nigeria’s GDP, the country have extensively relied on import to meet up with its food shortages.
Nevertheless, experts are of the view that the more government focus, make favourable policies and express the needed political will on the agricultural sector, the sector can help sustain Nigeria thereby averting imports and helping in the balance of trade deficits.
The above nonetheless, let us critically examine the various parameters of the issue at hand before going into how agriculture can be a panacea for Nigeria’s self-sufficiency. (END OF INTRODUCTION).
Be rest assured that if you give a lecturer this type of introduction, he will be well pleased with you. Also, ensure you make use of at least, 2 or more citations in your introduction. Citations tells your audience that you know what you are doing.
Also, understand that our introduction above is 100% plagiarism FREE because we typed it from our brain. You are only going online to source for materials to know how many percentage (%) agriculture contribute to Nigeria’s GDP and you will cite the author of that information. So, you can see that you only took the % but did not copy the author’s work in your introduction.
5. Write on the Various Subtopics
Remember we had various subtopics we proposed at the beginning of this paper. So, in your assignment, find relevant subtopics that you can write on.
The combination of the introduction till conclusion formulate the body of your work. Ensure you write easy to understand sentences, no big grammar that you cannot defend, concise and straight to the point. Remember to always write from your brain.
Although not all works may need a summary; if however, in your own discretion, your work needs a summary, then endeavour to add it. Summary is a process where you bring together the main points you have already written about
Your summary and conclusion are two subtopics that must come out from your brain. It is like a finishing line to what you have been doing. If you did a good job, writing three sentences and above to conclude shouldn’t be a problem.
The conclusion of an assignment does not follow any specific format but a combination of statements that convey your thoughts. Check the tentative conclusion below:
From the above, it is clear that the role of agriculture in the self-sufficiency of Nigeria cannot be totaly put aside. With concerted effort from the Nigerian government and relevant stakeholders, Nigeria can be self-sufficient and consequently avoid attendants economic woes. END
So, you can see that only two sentences above satisfied the need for an academic assignment. If you have more to add, it will be very nice. But do not turn the conclusion to another assignment of its own by being too lenghty.
Many undergraduate assignments except for seminars and projects may not need a recommendation as a subtopic. However, if at all you are requested to do that or you feel you need to add it, then a recommendation is simply suggesting how to overcome the challenges you talked about in your work. Researchers asserts that recommendations are for empirical studies only while suggestions can be used for position papers like assignments and seminars.
Here under your references, you must write down all the names of authors you cite in your work. You cannot write a reference that you did not cite in the main body of your work, neither can you leave out an author you cite without referring to it.
With the above, I believe you have a proper guide to conducting your undergraduate assignments. Please, note that the demands from a lecturer may be specific. If so, you have to be guided by the demands from the lecturer.