Abstract

Due to low performance of students in Business Education in Accounting courses, therefore the study determined strategies for improving, the causes, effect, and measures for teaching and learning of accounting courses in Business Education in Niger Delta University. The study was guided by three research questions. A descriptive survey design was adopted. Data were collected from 100 students with the use of a structured questionnaire that was face validated by three experts. The questionnaire consists of 25 items. Mean was employed to answer the research questions. The findings of the study revealed that such factors as insufficient number of qualified teachers and ill equipped libraries among others as factors that bring about poor academic performance in Business Education in Accounting. Also the study recommended that instructional materials and qualified teachers be developed in sufficient numbers to schools. Further recommendations included among others in service training, seminars training, seminars and conferences to update knowledge of teachers.

 

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CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1   Background to the Study

The need to understand the process of student learning in order to improve the quality of that learning has been identified in the education literature. Achuonye, (2004) stated that education is the transmission of culture from one generation to another, for the benefit, survival, and continuity of the society. For the fact that education is the transmission of culture, knowledge, skills, attitude, abilities, capabilities, hence there is need for an effective instructor that could assess learning accomplishments of the students to determine if they have achieved knowledge and skills needed to demonstrate competencies in his/her course (AACSB, 2009).

Business education is a program of instruction, which consist of office education, and vocational education program for office career through initial fresher and upgrading education leading to employability and advancement in office occupation, (Osuala, 2004). Business education also develops the individual in socio-economic competencies, i.e. the individual to be intelligent consumer of goods and services. Having said this, there is need to mention the courses that are enshrined in business education program. They include: Accounting, Management, Marketing, and Secretarial education. Business education is also a field of study which prepares individuals for the world of work and entrance into the business world.

However, it is demoralized to note that there has been low academic performance of business education students offering Accounting courses in Niger Delta University.

1.2     Statement of the problem

Academic performance, which is measured by examination results, is one of the major goals of school. Since the origin of Niger Delta University, students in business education offer Accounting courses alongside other courses in business education. The performances of business education students in other courses with respect to education have been indeed very good, other than the decline of their performances in Accounting courses from inception up till date. Hence, from this outlook, the researcher is carrying out a survey on the problems associated with the teaching and learning of accounting courses in Business education alongside with their strategies for improving the teaching and learning.

1.3    Purpose of the study

The main purpose of this study is to examine strategies for improving teaching and learning of Accounting courses in business education in Niger Delta University. Specifically, the study will seek to:

  1. Identify the causes of student’s poor performances in accounting courses.
  2. Discover the effect of the problems on student’s academic achievement.
  3. Discover measures for evaluating effective teaching and learning of Accounting courses.

1.4    Research questions

The following research questions will guide the study:

  1. What are the causes of student’s poor performance in Accounting courses?
  2. What are the effects of the problem on student’s academic achievement?
  3. What are the measures for enhancing effective teaching and learning of Accounting courses?

1.5   Significance of the study

A lot of research has been done on strategies for improving student’s academic performance in Accounting courses in Business education. Hence, this study will enable the researcher to make recommendations to Niger Delta University policy makers especially those in the quality assurance unit, the Academic planning office and the ministry of education on what policies and strategies can be employed to improve academic performance in Accounting courses in business education in institution of higher learning. The findings will also help the university Admission Board to review its mode of admitting students in order to improve academic performance.

1.6    Scope of the study

The study will be conducted at Niger Delta University in Wilberforce Island, Bayelsa State, with a population of students in business education in the Department of Vocational and Industrial Education, Faculty of Education.

1.7   Operational definition of terms

Education: Education is the transmission of culture from one generation to another for the benefit, survival, and continuity of the society.

Business education: Business education is a program of instruction, which consist of office education, and vocational education foe office career through initial fresher and upgrading education leading to employability and advancement in office occupation.

Strategies: A detailed plan or policies for achieving success in situations such as business, industry or the skill for planning for such situation.

Accounting: The process by which data relating to the economic activities of an organization are identified, recorded, measured, sorted and communicated to interested parties for analysis and interpretation.

Teaching: The profession of a teacher whose job is to give someone knowledge or to instructor train someone.

Learning: The activity of obtaining knowledge that is permanent in nature brought about through practice or experience.

 

 

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