The purpose of this study is to ascertain the challenges faced in the management of private secondary schools of Abraka Metropolis. The study talks about the important roles private secondary schools played in improving educational standard. It also talks about the statement of the problem of the study, purpose of the study, the research questions which helped in carrying out the study. The study has a literary review which explains the concept of management, the school as an organization, challenges facing private schools proprietors in Abraka metropolis. A research method was applied to verify the study and it was carried out through a well structured questionnaire. Data was collected to justify the study. The study also suggested recommendations to private secondary schools and Delta State’s ministry of education on how to improve management processes. It recommends that proprietors should be left alone to manage these schools. The inspectorate department of the ministry of education, should pay regular visit to these schools for adequate supervision, schools should have adequate space for expansion. Finally, suggestions were offered for further research of the challenges faced in the management of private secondary schools in the country.
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1.1 Background to the Study
It is not surprising that the educational planners in less developed countries entered in 1970s in a somewhat chartered moon. Over the last decade or more, the formidable expansion of educational facilities that has taken place in most of these countries rested upon the rather tenuous evidence concerning the role education plays in the general development.
Education has become the largest and fastest industry in Nigeria Thousands of new schools have spring up, built by communities, state government and private individuals who have come to realize that school is the hallmark of community development and the nation at large.
Education also has become a means were individuals make profit (business). This is why every hut and churches in Nigeria (Abraka metropolis) has been turned into schools by private individuals. These private schools come to being, because most government owned schools are no longer schools were children go to learn. This is because teachers in government owned schools are not being regularly paid, there is no proper management of teaching and learning, knowing that for proper teaching and learning to take lace, the environment must be conducive (Maureen Koko,2002).
Due to the poor condition of government owned secondary schools, many parents have withdrawn their children from state secondary schools to private secondary schools, where they can have good education.Research has it that even parent who are not well-to-do struggle to send their children to private secondary schools, that children seen in state owned secondary schools are mostly house maids.
In the early part of 1981, Nigeria’s educational system received a major blow.The federal government which had hitherto to been financing teachers training institutions as well as Universal Primary Education (UPE) schools, suddenly withdrew financial support of these institutions. The entire burden of running the educational system fell on the state government. Following closely on those unhappy developments in the recession in the nations’ economy, most state government are being crusted under the weight of heavy burden of education following the withdrawal of local community’s assistance which they gave to these community schools.
The reality of the situation is that time has come for capable public spirits of individuals and organizations to join hands with government in raising the standard required of it, therefore there is a greater need of establishing more privately owned secondary schools in Delta State to help solving the following problems, the present situation in which experts (people with good qualification) is imported in to the state indiscriminately is detrimental to the interest of the state and unless a major reversal is evident in the attitude of people towards education that could provide self-employment and meet our nations target requirements, the state will continue to look outward for its needs.
But education provide the basic for the possibility of this experts, therefore a programme must be devised for our educational system to meet the expectations of the nation, this is affirmed in the objectives of the national policy of education (1981) which is to build a free and democratic society, a just and egalitarian society, a united, strong and self reliant nation, a great and dynamic economy, a land bright and full of opportunities for all its citizens.
And since the edict of private secondary schools, it has contributed a lot to the society and nation at large. The research is basically carried out to know the challenges this private secondary school face and to proffer solutions and recommendations so that they can live up to expectations.
1.2 Statement of the Problem
The management of private secondary schools has become a bone of contention in Abraka metropolis, Delta state and the country at large. The controversy lies on whether the secondary schools are good enough for the society and what can be done to improve their situation. Some researchers carried out a research using questionnaire, and it has come to a point that even the private secondary schools found in Abraka metropolis does better than the state owned schools.
This research work will be looking at the challenging faced in the management of private secondary schools and also look at the management of private secondary schools in Abraka metropolis, Delta state.
1.3 Purpose of the Study
The main purpose of this study is to meet up the following objectives.
- To find out if there are qualified teachers available.
- To find out if funds are adequate and available to private secondary schools.
- To find out if instructional materials, laboratory and equipment are available.
- To make adequate recommendations where necessary for policy makers and administrators.
1.4 Research Questions
To guide in investigating the said problems, the following research questions were drawn up by the researcher.
- What are the qualifications of teachers employed by the principal/proprietor?
- How are funds generated and distributed for the smooth running of the school?
- Are there any instructional material, laboratory and equipment available to students?
1.5 Research Hypothesis
- What standards are been used in selection of qualified and meaningful teachers?
- What plans has the principal/proprietress put in place to regulate funds in the development of the private secondary school.
1.6 Significance of the Study
The significance of the study had to do with the need that has risen for private individuals and philanthropic organizations that may be interested in educational institution, (ArchtiBong,(2002)Kanianu (2007) suggested that one of the best ways that private secondary schools can contribute to society is by giving children qualitative education so that they can play great roles in nation development.
1.7 Scope of the Study
This would have been more appreciated if the survey had covered the nation,in order to solve the problems identified. However, the research was limited to a few schools because of insufficient funds at the researcher disposal. Some schools were selected by the researcher as a case study in Abraka metropolis.
The situation is not far from what is obtained in other states in the country. Therefore the findings of the situation at Abraka metropolis Delta state, the recommendations and suggestions given can be applicable to other states in the country.
1.8 Definition of Terms
For the purpose of this research the following definition of terms shall be applied:
1. Management: This is a process of controlling, directing, planning, organizing, budgeting things in the way they should be.
2. Private School: This is a place where teaching and learning takes place owned by private individuals.
3. Opportunities: Fitness, an occasion offering a possibility advantageous conditions what one stands to gain.
4. Challenges: What is demanded by the proprietor to prove the quality of education offered to the students.
5. Education: The act or process of getting educated is also a process where learning takes place.
6. Government School: This is a school owned by government.
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Contains Chapter One to Five
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