Many students has been complaining that while they haven’t been admitted, those with lower scores have since gotten their admission. This is perhaps one regular occurrence across admission periods. There has been applicants with incredible high scores still waiting for admission. What could be responsible for this? The following possible reasons are elucidated:
1. Course Requirements
Course requirements can make a students with lower scores gain admission while those with higher scores are waiting. For instance, Medical, Law, Engineering, etc. courses requires higher cut-off marks, while other courses like Education, Agriculture, Sciences, etc. requires lower cut-off. If this is the case, someone in Agriculture with 190 jamb score can be admitted even in first batch while a candidate with even 250 in jamb is still waiting for admission.
Also note that applicants in Medical area are mostly high scorers. Hence, if the amount of high scores are much, many applicants with good scores may be waiting because those ahead of them are still much. However, it has been argued that even in the same courses, applicants with lower scores are being admitted while those with higher scores are still waiting. The next item will explain this.
2. Indigeneship/Catchment Area
Well, indigeneship refers to those who are covers in a university’s catchment area. A catchment refers to the geographical boundaries where the university draws its people. Any outside this region may not be entitled to some forms of benefits accruing to those from such catchment. The Niger Delta University for instance has only Bayelsa State as its catchment area. Hence, Bayelsans do not pay N50,000 for tuition fees while other students from the remaining 35 states of the federation and across the country do. Now, he Niger Delta University was established upon the belief that the Ijaws are educationally backward.
This means that the Ijaws will get a lower consideration to gain admission into the NDU while others will be admitted based on normal standard. So, it is very possible that the person you are saying have low score but have gotten admission when you with higher scores have not may actually be benefitting from the catchment area policy. According to Chief D.S.P. Alamieyeseigha during the NDU 2015 Convocation, indigenes to non-indigenes quota in NDU is 80:20.
3. Educationally Less Developed State (ELDs)
This is another similar catchment area quota system. In Nigeria, some states such as Adamawa, Bauchi, Bayelsa, Benue, Borno, Cross-River, Ebonyi, Gombe, Jigawa, Kaduna, Kano, Katsina, Kebbi, Kogi, Kwara, Nasarawa, Niger, Plateau, Rivers, Sokoto, Taraba, Yobe, Zamfara are considered to be educationally less developed. Hence, their admission requirements may be lesser than those of other states. So, if you are comparing scores, also compare the state of origin if they fall under ELDs.
4. O’level Details
Starting from 2018/2019, the JAMB office required jambites to upload their o’level results online. Without this upload, when a jambites’ admission reaches JAMB office, such admission is not uploaded. Some students claimed they have uploaded, but they have not checked online to see in their CAPS if it is actually there or not, hence, while others are gaining admission, their own is pending.
5. JAMB Subjects Combination
So many students are not aware of jamb subject combination implications. For instance, there are certain core subjects required for some courses. You must write these subjects in jamb and post UTME. For instance, we have English as general subject, followed by Mathematics for most courses. However, Physics and Chemistry is very key to some courses. Literature for Law and Theatre Arts, Economics for Management courses. Accounting for Accountancy, etc.
While this is unethical to even consider in a supposed admission environment, this however, is sometimes the case as all variables remains constant. Some candidates, while being indigenes, also have the same issues where those with lower scores get admission ahead of those with higher scores.
It is difficult to actually conceive how this actually happens. The only way to understand this is that the admissions office may not have followed due process or the Merit list as it is believed, is not actually merit list.
In some cases, we would try to ask the newly admitted with lower scores if they actually influenced the admission or have anyone in the school environment that may have worked their admissions for them, but the answer often come back negative.
I would have personally loved to add favoritism as a sixth factor but such will be unprofessional. Nevertheless, favoritism, which is locally known as man-know-man is indeed another basic and local factor that can affect the admission of lower scores students while those with higher scores have not been admitted.
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