Over the years, students had oftentimes engaged themselves in meaningful/gainful economic endeavours to support themselves in the funding of their education. So far, students have been sighted hawking, motor cycling, selling in shops as sales boys/girls, working in factories, maids, and even in worse cases – prostitution. These engagements to some large extent have significant influence on their overall academic outcome.

Initiation of Terms

Students’ economic engagements as used in this context refers to a wide array of business activities that students finds profitable to run in a bid to self-sponsor their education. Most students have no worthy sponsors but have this deep-rooted passion to be educated. Hence, they take it upon themselves to do all they can to be educated. To achieve this, students often find part time menial jobs that can pay them the minimum fees to assist their education. Other students had set up businesses before gaining admission; they tend to manage their businesses as much as they can while taking some time off to attend lectures and other academic functions. All these put together have a bearing on students’ academic outcome. 

Academic outcome can be broadly defined as the measured total of students’ test and the level of this total against previously set standard. In any academic programme, an outlay of how the programme would be administered, the teachers, teaching methods, lecture periods, etc are conceived before the programme is started. Criterion scores are also set to enable teachers/assessors determine who passed and which failed. Therefore, academic outcome in this sense refers students’ performance as regards to who failed and who passed using previously set standard.

Michael O'Jules

Michael O'Jules


Economic Issues in African Sub-regions

Most African students find themselves often engaged in several economic endeavours because of the level of economic woes in some regions. Most students start off very fine with all provisions made to enable their smooth stay in school. Nevertheless, as economy begins to dampen, some parents no longer find it funny to bear some responsibilities. A father-student relationship which had hitherto been lovely would later turn sour. That sweet daddy/mummy call from first year in school is no longer as it used to be. As time goes on, when finance is no longer forthwith from the home, students become adaptive in school, engaging in different endeavours to meet up with academic demands.

Most students have been seen engaging in building in schools to pay fees or feed. Some did/are doing transportation businesses. Others added fashion design, mechanics, cafes, ‘assistive’ research, motorcycling, etc. just to meet up with their academic demands and graduate as at when due. Female students often sell jewelries, do make-ups, telecommunications services, shift work, weekend jobs, clubs/bars, etc just to keep body and soul together. In most African regions, students’ welfare is not a popular discuss; what is however, more popular is survival. This survival trait consume the time of students a whole lot and if not well managed, it often result in poor academic performance.

Economic Engagement Vs Class Attendance

The influence of economic engagements on class attendance is at least, one of the most problematic aspects of students going into survival endeavours. When students engage in businesses and jobs, it most times encroaches on their classes. Most students would sell at their free time and may be too tired to attend classes even when they are free as at class time. Some other students do part time jobs. This means that they will miss some classes altogether while attending selected few. For yet other set of students, their engagements are often at the weekend. Hence, they may select Friday off from school work and resume Sunday evening. Although classes may not be affected during weekends, reading time is often expended for economics.

Economic Engagement Vs Reading Habits

In the academic community, one thing administrators strive to achieve is serenity of environment. This is with the belief that a serene environment encourages reading habits. Conversely, reading habits is better built in a peaceful environment. Consequently, students who always engage in economics hardly have that peace of mind to settle down to read. Even when they do, the length of such reading is often short and distorted by business or jobs. Students may be looking stressed after some businesses and reading at such time is hardly convenient for them. Days and weeks goes by and the end of the semester has drawn close. And so test scores suffer for it.

Economic Engagement Vs Writing Skills

Clear and proper handwriting is a consequence of a long time endeavour. Very severe jotting, copying and researching gives students the grace of articulating fine handwriting. Nevertheless, with breaks here and there from classwork, students may find it hard retaining their handwriting. It is a regular occurrence that persons who had been outside school for long often come back to the classroom with what is locally referred to as a foul scratch handwriting. This is to say that students who engaged in economic endeavours may often return to the classroom with distorted handwriting.

Economic Engagement Vs Speaking Skills

The effect of students’ economic engagements on academic outcome is slackly significant. This is because speaking is a regular routine and even outside the four walls of the classroom, students continue to speak as speaking is an essential part of human life. In fact, students require a great deal of speaking abilities to excel in their business endeavours and jobs. Although studies on the effect of students’ economic engagements on academic outcomes have been scarce, in this paper, the relationship is stated as not significant.

The Nexus between Economic Engagement and Academic Performance

In its entirety, the influence of students’ economic engagements on academic outcome can be overwhelming. When students engage in economics, it crowd out the amount of time left for their studies. It can also affect their physical structures since the merger of economics and academics comes with a lot of stress. Leaving a small time for their studies, students’ performance soon become noticeably poor when measured against previous performance or with other students.

Citing Complexity Theory

The involvement of complexity theory here may give an erratic scenery. Some students are more vibrant and have better administrative competence than others. Some students’ IQs are also better than others. This means that some students can actually successfully engage in economics and still do better that others who do not engage in economics. In fact, depending on the type of business endeavour engaged, they may even become better performers than their mates. Take for instance, students who often engage in research business in their schools, assisting their colleagues to complete their research works and making money therefrom can over time become more familiar with academics through their multi-research tasks and become better off than their colleagues. These complexities can negate the outcome of narrowed research endeavours.


Students getting into businesses usually do not bargain for the effect it may later have on their academics. They enter so blindly and oftentimes, no provision is made for their studies. Some of them become overwhelmed by the business demands and may end the business endeavour or quit school when they cannot carry on.


As a result of the issues mentioned herebefore, the following suggestions are put forward:

  1. There is nothing as good as studying with full sponsorship. Hence, parents/sponsors should endeavour to adequately sponsor their wards in school.
  2. Students should ensure their sponsors are ready for sponsor them all through their studies before engaging in their academic pursuits.
  3. When in business, students should endeavour to manage their businesses/jobs in such a way that the effect on their academics is minimal.
  4. There should be time for everything – a time to study and a time to do business.
  5. When overwhelmed, students should seek the help of a qualified counsellor.


Cite this work as follows:
Michael O. J. (2019). An interplay of students’ economic engagements and academic outcomes. Retrieved 00/00/0000 from


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