Over the years, students who wrote JAMB and Post UTME examinations have at one time or the other asked what next after their examination. Many students want to know to ascertain what they are up against. Well, the fact is that the Universities admission is one that has been highly centralized. This means that JAMB is now a core participant in the admission process, although, JAMB cannot actually grant admission on its own, rather, their admission is based on recommendations from the admitting institution.
This new pattern of granting admission brings in a better fairness in the admission process as a single University no longer has the prerogative to grant admission, rather, such right is centralized with JAMB ratifying admission lists before uploading. The following is a concise description of what happens during the admission season.
JAMB and Post UTME Examination: In Nigeria, applicants aspiring to study in the Universities are required to write JAMB examination. The JAMB examination is rated with a total score of 400. During the admission period, JAMB then release cutoff marks for all institutions ranging from Universities to Polytechnics, down to Monotechnics and College of Education. Nevertheless, the various institutions reserve the right to adjust the cutoff marks released by JAMB even as the JAMB cutoff marks becomes the guiding framework for such adjustments.
After JAMB exam, applicants are also required to write a Post UTME examination that is conducted by the various Universities. At this stage, the various Universities may also set Departmental Cutoff marks for the various Departments. The Niger Delta University Post UTME Application for example costs N2,000 for the Form and N1,500 for System Charge. After the exam, which is often computer-based, scores are collated for admission consideration.
How JAMB and Post UTME Scores are Calculated for Admission Consideration
The calculation of the scores both in JAMB And Post UTME can be very complex owing to current happenings. Before now, it was populated that JAMB scores is added to Post UTME scores then divided by 2. It is the result that is measured with the cutoff mark. However, it is sometimes difficult to believe that some universities even use post UTME scores. This is because the author have seen cases of students who did not participate in a particular Post UTME process and yet, still got admission. It was later during clearance that they later paid for the post UTME fee. Investigations showed that they did not even influence the admission neither do they have anyone who must have done that in their behalf. Owing to this development, it is difficult to believe that the this JAMB/Post UTME result combination is even used.
How to Calculate Post UTME Admission Screening Scores for All Schools Using JAMB Point System
There are processes involved in this scoring: (1) Candidates who submits only one o’level result which contains his/her relevant subjects already will be allotted 10 points. The exam could be NECO, WASSCE, November/December WASSCE etc, but any candidate who has two sittings only gets 2 points. So this means that candidates with only one result are at an advantage but only slightly.
(2) O’ Level grades has it’s equivalent grade points as; A (A1) = 6 marks, B (B1, B2, B3) = 4 marks, C (C4, C5, C6) = 3 marks, so the better the candidates’ grades, the better his or her chances of securing admission this year.
(3) UTME scores, where each score range has its equivalent point can be summarized thus, 180-200=20-23 marks, 200-250=24-33 points, 251-300=34-43, 300-400=44-60 points.
(4) Each category would contain five JAMB results per point added. Eg. a candidate with 180-185 gets 20 points, while a candidate with 186-190 gets 21 points.
How To Calculate Admission Screening Scores:
Sittings: Assuming you have all your required O’level subjects in one sitting, you already have 10 marks.
O’Level: Let’s say you have 1A, 5Bs and 3Cs in your O’level result (WAEC/ NECO/ GCE), then you have, (1×6) + (5×4) + (3×3) = 35 Points.
JAMB Score: Then, say you scored 250 in JAMB UTME, you get 33 Points.
To get the total point, you sum everything together (i.e: Sittings + O’level + Jamb Score).
This implies that – 10 + 35 + 33 = 78 Points. If the cut-off mark for your course of choice in a particular school is below 70, then will be admitted into that institution.
(i) Catchment and educationally less-developed state would still be used for admission into the nation’s tertiary institutions.
(ii) Merit admission contains 45 per cent of the total candidates for a particular course, Catchment contains 35 per cent and Education Less Developed Areas (ELDs) and staff lists contains the rest.
(iii) Cut off marks will be released by the institutions this year in the form of points and not marks.
(iv) The point system for direct entry would be released soon.
The Admission Circle
Once you are qualified for admission, it is the University that first admits you. However, they are mandated to send the admission list to JAMB. Once the admission list is with Jamb, Jamb ratifies the list. Check for consistencies with regulations, scores and marks, once satisfied, Jamb uploads. It is at this point you know you have been admitted because once Jamb admits you, it is sure you will be admitted too in the university because it is the university that sends your name to Jamb.
Once Jamb is through with the upload or say they are done ratifying the list, they send it back to the University. This takes within two weeks. At this point, the university uploads the list. Once you check and you are admitted, congratulations! You have been offered admission and you can commence your clearance. You cannot actually commence clearance when the university has not uploaded your name.
The admission lists are much. It can range from first batch which is also called MERIT LIST to 5th batch. Some Universities will call it Merit list, Merit list Continuation, Supplementary List, Supplementary List Continuation, Direct Entry List, etc.
To check your admission status in JAMB, you must login to CAPS in JAMB. It is called Centralized Admission Processing System (CAPS). Once you check and you are admitted to a particular course, the same course is what will reflect in your University website.